Although many people know how helpful CBD (cannabidiol) is to their bodies, they do not understand how CBD oil is made. This article will bridge the knowledge gap and enlighten consumers on how their favorite CBD oils are being made.
CBD, if you didn’t know, naturally occurs in the hemp plant, and it does not contain more than 0.3% THC. It means that CBD does not get you high even while it boosts your general body wellness.
And if you weren’t aware, CBD oil is easily the most common form of CBD that is extracted from the hemp plant. Keep reading to find out how CBD oil is made: from the farming of hemp seeds to harvesting, extraction, and the final refining of the CBD oil for use.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is oil that is made from cannabidiol that has been extracted from a hemp plant. This oil usually contains high CBD concentrations, and it helps treat several body health issues. CBD oil is taken in different forms, including tinctures, edibles (CBD oil-infused foods), the pure oil isolates itself, capsules, vape oils, and so on. The form of CBD oil you use depends on your preference and what you are trying to treat.
CBD oil comes in different types, and these are classified as follows:
- CBD Isolate: CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD that does not contain any other ingredients or compounds.
- Broad-Spectrum CBD: This type of CBD contains several compounds naturally found in the hemp or cannabis plant, except THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
- Full-Spectrum CBD: The full-spectrum CBD has all the compounds as its composing ingredients, including THC. Thus, a full-spectrum CBD product will get you high.
The Steps involved in making CBD Oil
Although the specifics vary based on the manufacturer, the following steps are involved in the making of CBD oil:
- Planting of the Hemp Seeds: Start by clearing the ground where you want to plant the seedlings, then test for herbicides. The great thing about this is that you can plant hemp seeds close to each other as they can all grow together. The growth of the hemp plant is quite fast, and it can sprout even in 60 days.
- The Harvest of the Hemp Plant: The hemp plant’s trichome usually contains the most concentration of cannabinoids. The harvest begins with the flowers of the plant. Before the harvest is done, the state’s agriculture department will sample a crop to clear it for eventual harvest and use. The essence of this is to ensure that the crop is legal, i.e., does not contain more than 0.3% THC.
After the harvest, the plants are either air-dried or put up to be cured in an area with good ventilation. Then, the flowers are detached from the plants and forwarded to manufacturers to extract the CBD in them for products.
- The Extraction Stage: The extraction stage is where the CBD is derived from the hemp plant and used to make CBD products for easy ingestion or application.
The raw CBD extract is usually in the form of a very dark thick oily substance. When it comes to CBD extraction on a commercial basis, a solvent is a vital part of the process. It separates the CBD molecule from other compounds in the plant.
The following are the effective methods of extracting CBD from the hemp flower:
- Alcohol Method of Extraction: In this method, what you do is to soak the hemp plant in a high-grain alcohol mix from which the CBD will be extracted. Examples of the alcoholic solvents you can use include ethanol, isopropyl, butane, etc. This method of extracting CBD from the hemp plant is considered one of the most effective ways. As a result, many people opt for it to use high-quality natural extraction methods.
- CO2 Method of Extraction: The CO2 extraction method involves using carbon dioxide (CO2) under shallow temperatures (mainly in a tight chamber) to isolate the CBD from the plant. Pressure is applied into the room, where both the CBD and carbon dioxide turns into liquid. The mixture is now pumped into another chamber where the carbon dioxide becomes gas.
When CO2 is condensed and used to extract cannabinoids, it does not leave any residue or chemicals behind. However, an alcohol solvent is usually used to refine the mixture further and get a CBD to isolate.
The CO2 extraction method uses a closed-loop extractor, a system for extracting essential oils used in making perfumes and even food additives. Although this CBD extraction method requires significant equipment, it effectively brings out CBD that is both potent and safe.
- Oil Method of Extraction: This extraction method is a DIY (Do It Yourself) method for those who want to do an extraction by themselves at home. That is because it is simple to achieve. Simply heat the hemp plant in a carrier oil like olive oil. It will eventually extract the desired cannabinoids from the plant.
- Creation of the CBD Oil: After extracting CBD from the hemp plant, it is purest form or isolates. Now, this cannabinoid gets combined with different ingredients like carrier oil or flavors. That is where full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD are made. The most recommended carrier oils for full-spectrum CBD are coconut oil or hempseed oil. Both oils have saturated fats in natural abundance, and the body quickly absorbs saturated fats.
- Lab Testing and Distribution: This step is significant. The best manufacturers and distributors of high-quality CBD products always have their products third-party tested in a lab before they package and sell them. An example of such a CBD store is Herbz Depot, an online shop known for paying attention to customer safety in the products it sells. The results of the lab tests are usually readily available for whoever wants to see them. You will find that when you buy from Herbz Depot, you do not run the risk of getting harmed by a contaminant or the like.
Herbz Depot delivers orders for free to all states within the United States. That is a great offer you should tap into by visiting their website and placing your order at Herbz Depot.
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